How a mule can be used as a metaphor to explain the complexity of a political system?

Compared with the political systems of other advanced democratic countries, ours is among the most opaque, complex, confusing, and difficult to understand.

Robert Dahl, How Democratic is the American Constitution?, 2003

Welcome to the second edition of Your Native Analyst newsletter, a monthly collection of content about Iran, the Middle East, the European Union and the Netherlands. This contextualized content is shaped around my personal yet political experiences as well as my cross-sectorial work spanning academia, politics, civil society and the private sector.

I look forward to reading your comments and feedback, and I hope the content of this newsletter will add value to your work.


In this issue, you read about the complex political system of Iran and the challenges of navigating this system. The second episode of Your Native Analyst podcast is also included in this newsletter with the title: The Mule! Read an article on how Ayatollah Khamenei became the most powerful leader in the Middle East; and how in a Parallel Dimension there would have been no pandemics. You’ll also find the announcement related to my new business, Somaye Dehban – Community Guardian.

Warm regards,

Somaye Dehban